How to avoid accidents with children. Injury Prevention

How_to_avoid_accidents_with_children

Leading position in the list of sources of child injuries take in descending order: traffic accidents in which children take part as passengers, pedestrians and cyclists; fires and burns; accidents on the water;breathlessness; poisoning; obstructive airways disease; accidents from careless handling of weapons; children fall from a height.

Most accidents, which are called accidents – is an injury that could have been avoided. Even when accidents can not be prevented, you can still avoid injury resulting therefrom. These simple measures can prevent most of the tragedies.
contact the special firms engaged in their installation and choose the most suitable to your type

Make their environment safe for children. In order to identify and prevent any risk, you must carefully read with the surrounding environment. To prevent injury, you must remove all dangerous objects, to which a child can reach. Begin teaching your child safe rules of behavior, change the dangerous surroundings, which can lead to injuries: coffee tables with sharp corners, stairs without railings, furniture and beds are immediately adjacent to the open windows.

Be especially careful during stressful situations. Try to always remember where you left scissors, razors, hedge, as well as any other sharp object that you used before you are distracted from the work performed.

Keep a child’s eyes. The second principle of injury prevention is the constant supervision of the child. Even in a safe environment for children, especially in young age, it is necessary to carry out continuous supervision.Toddlers, are at particular risk and need protection of adults.

Burns. According to doctors, people often receive burns from coffee. Never drink hot coffee or tea with a small child in her arms. Keep a cup of hot coffee is not standing on the edge of the table, where they can reach out to the kid.

Do not use tablecloths and napkins that a small child can pull off the table.

Never warm the bottle of baby food in a microwave oven. Milk can be very hot, and the walls of the bottles will be cold to the touch.

Always turn the handle to the rear of the dummies plate. Preference should be given back burner.

Matches keep in boxes higher where children can not reach. At the age of about four years, many children can not resist the temptation to play with matches.

Outdoor heaters, stoves, fireplaces, unshielded dryers, easy to open braziers are a particular danger. Install the grille or fence around the stoves, fireplaces and heaters. Talk with children about what a fire and tell them that you can not touch the hot objects.

Pay close attention to the curtains, bedspreads and towels do not touch the heaters, as this may cause a fire.

Replace worn electrical cords. Insulate wiring and extension cords.

Insert elektrozaglushki all sockets that children do not get an electric shock, thrusting something into the outlet opening.

Talk to your children about fire safety and conduct the necessary instructions.

The loss of water and security measures

Every year, drowning more than 1,000 children under the age of fourteen. The loss of water by the number of deaths is the second in this age group. For every child has drowned, four rescued and brought to the hospital.Chance drown in two or three times higher in children aged up to four years than children in other age groups.

The main cause of death of preschool children is a bathtub. Do not leave dvadtsatilitrovye water tank in the courtyard, as they may be filled with rain water and the child can drown by falling into it. Close the toilet lid. A child can fall into the toilet or a bucket of water, face down and drown.

Water safety

  1. Never leave a child under five years one in the bathroom for a moment. A child can drown even in a small amount of water. Do not leave it in the bathroom and under the care of another child under the age of twelve years. If you need to answer the phone or come to the front door, wrap soapy baby in a towel and take it with you in a stroller.
  2. Children need to learn to swim, but do not let the thought that they had received guarantees of safety on the water, even if attending swimming lessons. Do not rely on alarms, alarms supplied in the pool: it will only work when the child falls into the water, often help comes too late.
  3. Keep a child’s eyes when he is near water. The best rule is that personal flotation devices must be worn on the child on the beach, the lake, in a boat near the small pond or a pool as long as the children will not be able to swim four meters. When your child is ten or twelve years will be a real swimmer to avoid danger on the water, it can swim without supervision older as much as always swims with his friends. Do not let him jump into the water if the depth of the reservoir is less than one and a half meters, and in the absence of an adult.
    4. Stay away from frozen ponds and lakes, the ice is not deemed safe for skating.
    5. Keep children away from ponds and other bodies of water during a thunderstorm.
    6. Do not allow children to ride on a sled near the water.
    7. Springs and water tanks should have a solid fence.
    8. When it comes to water requires constant monitoring of adults. The headers in the backyards should be poured and turn to avoid accidents with small children. Remember: if the child went under the water, you should immediately conduct a complex resuscitation – CPR and chest compressions.

Toxic substances

Securely hide all medicines in a safe place out of reach of the child immediately after use. All drugs glue labels, signed by the bold, clear font, in order to avoid misuse. After recovery, immediately discard all drugs. Write down the phone number nearest health center to combat poisoning. The house must be on hand a bottle of ipecac syrup for each child. But you can give ipecac syrup child only if received instructions on its use by the attending pediatrician, nurse, or poison control center. Syrup dose varies depending on the weight of the child.

More than a third of poisoning drugs is due to the fact that children are taking medicines that prescribed grandparents. Make sure that all of their medication were or were locked out of the reach of children.

All the pharmacist dispensed medicines should be in the package, you can not open a child. Do not transfer the drug from one package to another. Never place a substance in the packaging in which it was sold in the packaging where it was something else. In other words, do not pour the liquid spray plants in a soft plastic bottle of drink or mug. This is often the cause of serious poisoning.

Remove toxic substances away from children. The list of substances that often cause dangerous poisoning in children include: aspirin and other drugs, poisons for insects and mice, kerosene, gasoline, petrol, detergents, liquid furniture polish or ignition fire, all kinds of bases for cleaning sewer pipes , toilets, stoves, oil of wintergreen and solutions for spraying plants.

The bathroom can also be found potentially dangerous substances: perfume, shampoos, liquid hair tonic, cosmetics, nail care and skin care.

Find inaccessible places in the kitchen and in the pantry for storing cleaning liquids and powders, detergents, cleaning agents sewage pipes, toilets and stoves, ammonia, bleach, stain remover, polish metal, drills, mothballs, lighter fluid , shoe polish for shoes and other hazardous substances.

In the basement, garage or find a safe place to store turpentine, paint thinners, kerosene, gasoline, fuel, substances for spraying plants, means for weed control, antifreeze, cleaning and polishing agents for the car.Before you discard containers, make sure they are completely empty and wash them. Potentially hazardous household cleaners and medicines are in the bathroom and the kitchen should be kept out of reach of children, or in cabinets with locks and latches, they will not be able to open. Hooks and latches can be installed on the doors of bathrooms to protect the child from the dangers, from poisoning to scalding hot water.

Fall

Fall – is the sixth main cause of fatal injuries, which is also the main cause of accidents. Each year, many children under the age of six years are victims of accidents due to falls from windows.

Falls from windows occur most often in the spring and summer months in an urban setting.

  1. Most cases fall occurs when the parents leave children unattended. Do not leave young children alone.
  2. Move away from windows all kinds of furniture that a child could climb on the sill.
  3. Never count on mosquito nets! They are not designed to protect from falls! On the contrary – a mosquito net contributes to the tragedy, because the child feels for her safety and is based both on screen and on it. Very often children fall together with these grids.
  4. If possible, open windows from the top, not the bottom.
  5. Place the box on a special holder, which do not allow the child to open the window more than a few inches.
  6. Protect windows, inserting the window bars. Window guards to protect children from falling out of open windows. You can contact the special firms engaged in their installation and choose the most suitable to your type of windows.
  7. If you have something to show the child out of the window – always firmly fix it, be prepared for sudden movements of the baby, keep his hands dry, do not hold the child for clothes. 
  8. If you have no way right now to set a fixing equipment and insurance, you can easily just a screwdriver, unscrew the screws holding the handle and remove them higher, using, as appropriate, and immediately after taking out of use.

Each year, many children between the ages of 6 and 18 years are victims of accidents as a result of falls at construction sites, including abandoned.

Do not allow children and adolescents to walk in remote and deserted places, play on building sites and in abandoned houses, to explain to children that the building is an object of increased danger.

Remember that a child needs to keep in touch, to know where he is and with whom. The main thing – trust in the family. Knowing where the son or daughter to spend time, you can explain to them that can be dangerous and undesirable health effects.